How do scientists help in finding out whether the discovered sites were settlements of farmers and herders? True or False: The Second Empire style originated in France during the 1950s and became popular in America during the 1970s. What were pit-houses and where have they been found? Matching Skill Each member had separate tasks to perform. 14.According to the Archeologists, what kind of houses were built by people in Burzahom? Therefore, they no longer moved from one place to another in search of food, water and shelter. Answer: Pit-houses were built by people by digging into the ground, with steps leading into them. 11. What several things were observed by men, women and children of Neolithic Age? The cultivation of crops was a shift as they no longer had to live a nomadic life. State true or false: a) History motivates us to make the present world a better place to live in. b. Jirania Burzahom in Srinagar, Kashmir is a site where many pit-houses have been found. Why do you think the dead were buried with burial goods? For instance, in Burzahom (in present-day Kashmir) people built pit-houses, which were dug into the ground, with steps leading into them. 7. 3. Explanation: Sickles that were found at many Neolithic sites had been used by the early humans for harvesting crops. 2.The burial goods were also given as a sacrifice to the ancestors. c. Sickles One pit house had an altar at one end, where a bighorn sheep’s lower jaw was found buried shows a large populations lived along along this stream and visited the high country to hunt and possibly worship. (vii) Archaeologists have found levels having ……………….. Q.13 Which were the earliest animals to be domesticated? Fill in the blanks with appropriate words to complete each sentence: State whether these sentences are true (T) or false (F). 7? [V. The early humans initially used to hunt wild animals and gather fruits and nuts from the trees. View Answer! False ( ) (c) Chirand is a site in Kashmir. Ans : Hearths. Answer: 7. (b) woven baskets 3.Name some sites of settlement of farmers and herders and also the grains found there. Ancient wood that has hardened into stone is called……………………….. Bolan Pass is an important route into ………………. Answer: (a) True, (b) False, (c) False, (d) True. The invention of wheel was an important step towards progress for early humans in the following ways: Play this game to review Social Studies. (c) Mehrgarh Thus, the foundation of civilisation was laid. producing their food by cultivation of crops and also domesticated animals. Thus the pit-houses protected people from cold weather. (c) Chirand is a site in Kashmir. Wheat and barley were the crops that were cultivated in this period. In which period did pottery make its appearance in Mehrgarh? 10. When a Dream House Becomes a Money Pit Steve and Michelle Hicks have temporarily moved out of their home at 264 Glen Avenue in Millburn, … Answer: Dead people were buried with goats, which were supposed to serve as food after death. The first cereals to be grown were wheat and barley. They lived a nomadic life, moved from one place to another in search of food, water and shelter. Animals were a source of _____ and meat. Some tools were also made of bone. The first cereals to be grown were Explanation: The Neolithic Age lasted from 8,000 BC to 4,000 BC. Archaeological excavations have led to the digging up of various tools and evidences. (c) Mahagara How did agriculture change the life of early humans? Levels found in Mehrgarh indicate hunting came after herding. The pits had steps that led to the bottom. Name two Neolithic tools which are used to grind grain even today. Dancing and singing served as ways of recreation. Their name derives from the Mogollon Mountains in New Mexico. View Answer. Answer: Scientists study evidence of plants and animal bones, in order to find out whether the discovered sites were settlements of farmers and herders. Match the items in column A correctly with those given in column B. In more recent times, pit houses were found in the Northern part of Europe and were common between the 5th and 12th centuries. Grasslands developed in many areas. The most elder or the strongest member of the group was selected as the leader. View Answer. Answer: The first animal to be tamed was the wild ancestor of the dog. Jadeite, found in Daojali Hading, may have been brought from China. How did they learn to make pottery? 1. b. copper (a) A B C View Answer! View Answer. Question 16. They have been found in Burzahom. Answer: People made large clay pots or wove baskets, or dug pits into the ground. But several burial sites were found, many of which contained ornaments, limestone, stone axes, turquoise and sandstone along with animals and women figures. If not, draw a chart to show how these cereals reach you from the farmers who grow them We grind some grain, such as wheat and barley. Palaeolithic tools were still made and used in the Neolithic Age. c. barley and maize 8. Q19: According to archaeologists, people built pit houses which were dug into the ground with steps leading to them. Daojali Hading is located close to the route to Iran. d. aerobics. 3. This was because of the following reasons: Tools were made of stone as well as copper. Choose the correct option to complete the statements given below: (i) The first animal to be tamed was ……………….. They usually had four or more compartments, some of which may have been used for storage. ... Q25: Name the site that provides the evidence of tools made from ' fossil wood'. (d) skilled-gatherers → hunter → gatherers → herders. Though it was a short period, it was also important because there was a shift from stones to metals. _____ is the study of human history and pre-history through the excavation of sites and the analysis of physical remains. To store grains They have found remains of houses here. Oval pits were dug into the house floor and were plastered with lime and bodies were placed with red-ochre on the bones. Daily life of early humans: The early humans lived in groups that had leaders. d. Burzahom. The pits had steps that led to the bottom. The first animal to be tamed was the ancestor of the dog. They moved from one place from another in search of food, water and shelter. People tamed the wild ancestor of the dog. True or False: An opening at the top of an earthen home allowed light into the windowless structure, while allowing smoke ti escape from the fire pit below. Why did the ancient people make such type of pit houses? The early humans shifted from hunting-gathering to agriculture. d) In earlier times, coins were made of … True-False With agricultural expansion, early human beings stored their food in Pot or wove baskets, or dug pit into the ground. The correct answer is option (d). Early humans becoming food-producers was a greater revolution than taming animals or making pottery. (d) Burzahom. Explanation: The Chalcolithic period is also known as Copper-Stone Age. Which according to you was a greater revolution–early humans becoming food-producers or early humans taming animals or early humans making pottery? All questions and answers from the Ratna Sagar History Solutions Book of Class 6 Social science Chapter 3 are provided here for you for free. [V. ____________________ is the earliest known farming and pastoral settlement in the Indian subcontinent. B. They settled near the fields. Explanation: Mehrgarh in Pakistan was where the humans first grew crops and tamed animals. (A) Mehrgarh (B) Daojali (C) Burzahom (D) Chirand 7. True or False: Slavey, Dogrib, and Hare were three examples of Western Subarctic groups. (c) the dog’s wild ancestor Then, they began producing their food by cultivation of crops and also domesticated animals. Chirand is a site in Kashmir. Some were responsible for harvesting crops, some to take care of the animals, some to make pots. Do you grow the cereals you have listed in answer no. 9. 1. People often protected these animals from attacks by other wild animals. C. Bones of sheep and goat 10. They used tools of different forms from the earlier Palaeolithic stage people. Pit houses might have provided shelter in cold weather. Why were people buried with animals, like goats? The houses had a roof over the pits for shelter. 2.Which was the first animal to be tamed? (b) the dog as we know today 8. Answer: The climate of the world had major changes around 12,000 years ago. List the cereals that you eat. Make a list of all the animals mentioned in the table on page 25 of the textbook. The surplus crops were exchanged with other groups through barter system. 13. Tractors In the New Stone Age, which extended from 8,000 BC to 4,000 BC, the humans started producing food. (iv) Grains like wheat and barley have been found in …………………… 10. Ratna Sagar History Solutions Solutions for Class 6 Social science Chapter 3 Early Humans Ii are provided here with simple step-by-step explanations. Answer: Mortars and pestles are Neolithic tools used even today for grinding grain. The correct answer is option (b). Other types of houses existed; these were more frequently campsites in caves or in the open air with little in the way of formal structure. (b) Mehrgarh Answer: True pithouses used the wall of the pit as the wall of the house, setting the posts outside the pit, along the outside perimeter. Q15(NCERT):State whether true or false: Answer: (a) Millets have been found at Hallur. The existence of early farmers are known to us by the discovery and excavation of sites. Glass c. In the ground in pit d. hay 9. (d) Jadeite, found in Daojali Hading, may have been brought from China Only stone tools were made during the Chalcolithic period. Answer: 4.Describe tools used by farmers and herders. 3. The correct answer is option (d). 3. Mehrgarh: Mehrgarh in Pakistan is the earliest known site of farming and pastoral settlement of early humans in the Indian Subcontinent. When resources at one place were exhausted, they moved to another place. They also started domesticating animals for various purposes. Protecting them c. Killing them d. eating them 10. Describe the site of Mehrgarh. ii) They found bones of domesticated animals like dogs, cattle, sheep, ox, etc. Q.17 In what ways grain was used by the early people? Answer: Houses at Mehrgarh were usually square or rectangular. They found evidences of various grains at different sites in Bihar, UP, Burzahom and Andhra Pradesh. (viii) The dead people in Mehrgarh were buried with …………………. (d) pits in the ground. However, Palaeolithic tools were still used for some purposes. Answer: Sheep, goat, cattle, and pig were considered relatively gentle. The early humans made pottery for the following reasons: They have been found in Burzahom. (d) Hallur. The pits were generally broad at the base and narrow near the opening. Describe the pit-houses found at Burzahom. On the outline map of India, mark these sites : Burzahom, Mehrgarh, Koldihwa, Chirand, Mahagara, Daojali Hading, Hallur. It made making pots convenient. How was the invention of wheel an important step towards progress for early humans? Answer: Farmers do this because different plants grow in different conditions. b. eating Bones of wild animals Q10. The correct answer is option (b). Give one feature houses in Mehrgarh. Ancient wood that has hardened into stone is called _____. List three ways in which the lives of farmers and herders would have been different from that of hunter-gatherers. View Answer. To store liquids and cooked food Humans observed the places where edible plants were found, they wondered how seed broke off stalks, fell on the ground, and new plants sprouted from them. There was a shift to relatively warm conditions. The popular modes of entertainment were singing, dancing and painting. Many pots had also been dug up. (b) Mahagara They also learned how to get the attention of animals by taming them and providing them food. Explanation: The tools made of copper were much stronger than those of stone.This period extended from 4,000 BC to 2,000 BC. (a) boxes Jadeite is a…………, probably brought from China. A pit house is a large house in the ground used for shelter. 2. Cooking chimney corners were also found both inside and outside the huts. Solution (a) True (b) False (c) False (d) True. Early humans learned to make clay pots, which were shaped by hand. Archaeologists discovered houses built by the people in Burzahom were generally made of: a. Marble b. Q22: How did early men used to tame animals? They have been found in Burzahom. NCERT Solutions for Class 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12. They started to grow crops at one place. The earliest evidences of their food production was fou. Agriculture led onto the invention and practice of domestication and pottery. (d) B C A. They have been found in Burzahom. d. Mehrgarh. Plants and animals also developed in the meantime. (b) A C B (a) hunter → gatherers skilled → gatherers → herders For each one, describe what they may have been used for. 4. The houses were simple, square- and rectangular-shaped mud houses. (a) Millets have been found at Hallur. Upper levels found by archaeologists reveal older objects. True/False. These were required to sustain their agricultural way of life. This discouraged the reuse of the possessions by other people. 1. Charred grains and sickles have been found, which prove that humans had started cultivating crops by this time. Some cereals eaten by us are listed below : 8. Ans : wild ancestor of dog. These houses had distinct features like. The earliest evidences of their food production was found as early as 7,000 BC. (iii) Which was not a way of storing grains in the early days? 2. 12. The statement 'Only stone tools were made during the Chalcolithic period' , is false. Q20: What were the cooking platforms found in Burzahom? The earliest remains of pit burial is ascribed to the Period II. Several burial sites have also been found in Mehrgarh. Answer: Pit-houses were built by people by digging into the ground, with steps leading into them. (i)the places where edible plants were … Burzahom in Srinagar, Kashmir is a site where many pit-houses have been found. Animals were used for grazing and also as draft animals. All but six of the 82 societies live above 32° north latitude, and four of the six cases in this sample that are below 32° north latitude are from “high mountain” regions in east Africa, Paraguay, and eastern Brazil. True/False View Answer. (d) Hallur. This is how people became herders. In _____ people built pit-houses, which were dug into the ground, with steps leading into them. History. 1. Imp.] The clay could be moulded in various shapes and sizes with help of the wheel. Answer: 2. Imp.] We live in a big city. Stone tools were used to dig circular pits in the ground, which were then plastered on the sides using mud. a. Burzahom Yes, we live in a village and we grow some of the cereals. (c) skilled-gatherers → herders → hunter → gatherers This means that hunting wild animals was important much before herding was. History. Which animals were considered relatively gentle? Question 4 State whether true or false : (a) Millets have been found at Hallur. State true or false… They became food producers instead of food gatherers. Mogollon culture, prehistoric North American Indian peoples who, from approximately ad 200–1450, lived in the mostly mountainous region of what are now southeastern Arizona and southwestern New Mexico. Explanation: Charred grains and sickles had been found on sites. 5. (a) Hallur Q12: Archaeologists have found pit-houses in Burzahom (in present-day Kashmir), which were dug into the ground, with steps leading into them. ... State whether the sentence is true (T) or false (F). The quality of pottery improved after the wheel was invented. (b) Mahagara True or False: Chipewyan is a term of Cree meaning "pointed skins.” True or False: The weather was too cold for berries to grow, therefore Subarctic groups never ate them. (d) Dogs. The last example is from the Yami who occupied a small island south of Formosa. 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